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Xi Jinping: How Chinese Communists Learn Marx in the New Era

网站编辑:admin │ 发表时间:2018-05-30 

At 10 am on May 4, the 200th anniversary of the birth of Marx was held in the Great Hall of the People. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. Xi Jinping pointed out that in the new era, the Chinese communists still have to learn Marx, learn and practice Marxism, constantly draw scientific wisdom and theoretical power from them, and promote the overall layout of the "five in one" and coordinate and promote the "four comprehensive" strategic layout. It is more determined, more confident, and more intelligent to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and ensure that the great wheel of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation always follows the correct course.


(1) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on the laws governing the development of human society.


Marx science reveals the inevitable trend of human society eventually moving toward communism. Marx and Engels firmly believe that the future society "will be such a consortium, where the free development of everyone is the condition for the free development of all people." "The lost of the proletarians in this revolution is only the chain. They will get the whole The world.” Marx firmly believes that the historical trend is rushing forward. As long as the people become their masters, the masters of society, and the masters of the development of human society, the communist ideals will surely be realized step by step in the real movement of constantly changing the existing situation. Marxism laid the theoretical foundation for the Communists to strengthen their ideals and beliefs. We must fully grasp the worldview and methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and profoundly understand the historical process of realizing communism that is gradually achieved by a phased goal, and unite the great ideal of communism with the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The things we are doing are unified, and we are determined to be self-confident, theoretically confident, institutionally confident, and culturally confident in socialism with Chinese characteristics. We adhere to the ideals and beliefs of the Communists and, like Marx, struggle for communism for life.


(2) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on sticking to the people's position.


People's nature is the most distinctive character of Marxism. Marx said, "Historical activities are the activities of the masses." Let the people get liberated is the lifelong pursuit of Marx. We must always take the people's position as our fundamental stand, take the people's happiness as our fundamental mission, adhere to the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, implement the mass line, respect the people's subjective status and initiative, and always maintain the flesh-and-blood ties with the people. The majestic power of all the people, united and led the people to jointly create historical greatness. This is an inevitable choice to respect the laws of history. It is the conscious responsibility of the Communists not forgetting their initial hearts and remembering their mission.


(3) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on the relationship between productivity and production.


Marxism believes that material productivity is the material premise of all social life, and the sum of the production relations that are compatible with a certain stage of the development of productive forces constitutes the social and economic foundation. Productivity is the most active and revolutionary element in promoting social progress. “The sum of the productivity people achieve determines the social situation.” Productivity and production relations, economic base and superstructure interaction, mutual restraint, dominate the entire social development process. The liberation and development of social productive forces is the essential requirement of socialism and a major issue for the Chinese communists to explore and focus on. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, in less than 70 years, our party has led the people to unswervingly emancipate and develop social productive forces, and has completed the development process of the West for hundreds of years and promoted China to become the world's second largest. Economy. We must be brave in comprehensively deepening reforms, consciously stimulating the vitality of social productive forces by adjusting production relations, and consciously improving the upper-level buildings to meet the requirements of economic fundamental development, so that socialism with Chinese characteristics can move forward more in line with the law.


(4) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on people's democracy.


Marx and Engels pointed out that "the movement of the proletariat is the independent movement of the vast majority of people and the interests of the overwhelming majority of people." "If the working class acquires the right to rule, it cannot continue to use the old state machine for management." It must be replaced by a new, truly democratic state power. State organs must be transformed from social masters into public servants and accept the supervision of the people. We must unswervingly follow the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, promote the building of socialist democratic politics in the organic unity of the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law, and constantly strengthen the institutional guarantee for the people to be the masters of the country and accelerate the country. Modernize the governance system and governance capacity, fully mobilize the people's enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity, and implement people's democracy more effectively and effectively.


(5) To study Marx, we must learn and practice Marxist ideas about cultural construction.


Marx believes that in different economic and social environments, people produce different ideas and cultures. Although ideological and cultural construction is determined by the economic foundation, it has a reaction to the economic base. Once the advanced ideological culture is mastered by the masses, it will be transformed into a powerful material force; on the contrary, if the backward and wrong ideas are not broken, they will become the embarrassment of social development and progress. Theoretical self-awareness and cultural self-confidence are the strength of a nation's progress; advanced value and emancipated mind are sources of social vitality. The soul of the country, the text of the Huazhi, the text to cast. We must base ourselves on China, face modernization, face the world, face the future, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, develop advanced socialist culture, strengthen the building of socialist spiritual civilization, and integrate socialist core values into all aspects of social development. The creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese outstanding traditional culture has continuously improved the people's ideological consciousness, moral level and civilization, and has continuously created a new glory of Chinese culture.


(6) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist ideas about social construction.


Marx and Engels envisaged that in the future society, "production will be aimed at all people's prosperity", "everyone will enjoy the benefits that everyone has created." Engels combined with Marx's series of propositions in the "Communist Manifesto", "Critique of the Gotha Program", "Capital" and other works, clarifying that under socialist conditions, society should "provide all people with healthy and beneficial work, Provide all people with ample material life and leisure time, and provide all people with true full freedom." The people's longing for a better life is our goal. We must adhere to the people-centered development ideology, seize the people's most concerned about the most direct and most realistic interests, constantly safeguard and improve people's livelihood, promote social fairness and justice, and achieve younger education and learning at a higher level. We have income, work, medical care, old age, living and living, and weak support, so that development results will be more fair and fair to the benefit of all people, and we will continue to promote the all-round development of people and achieve common prosperity for all people. Keep moving forward.


(7) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on the relationship between man and nature.


Marx believes that "people live by nature", nature not only provides humans with a source of living materials, such as fertile land, fish-rich rivers, lakes and seas, etc., and provides a source of production information for human beings. Natural objects constitute the natural conditions for human existence. Human beings produce, live and develop in the interaction with nature. Human beings treat nature well and naturally give gifts to human beings. But "If people rely on science and creative genius to conquer natural forces, then natural forces are also against people. Retaliation." Nature is the mother of life. Man and nature are the communities of life. Mankind must respect nature, respect nature, conform to nature, and protect nature. We must adhere to the harmonious coexistence between man and nature, firmly establish and practice the green water and green mountains, which is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan, mobilize the whole society to promote the construction of ecological civilization, build a beautiful China, and let the people share the beauty of nature in the green mountains. The beauty of life, the beauty of life, and a civilized development path of production and development, affluence and good ecology.


(8) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on world history.


Marx and Engels said: "The more and more the original closed state of each nation is eliminated because of the increasingly perfect production methods, exchanges, and the division of labor between different ethnic groups naturally formed by exchanges, the more history becomes world history." This prophecy of Engels was now a reality, and history and reality have increasingly proved the scientific value of this prophecy. Today, the world of human interaction is deeper and wider than ever before, and countries are more interconnected and interdependent than ever before. The world of integration is there, who rejects the world, and the world will reject him. Everything is in harmony without harm, and the road is parallel and not opposite. We must stand on the height of world history and examine the development trends and major problems facing the world today, adhere to the path of peaceful development, adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace, adhere to an open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win, continuously expand cooperation with countries around the world, and actively participate in the world. Governance, achieve win-win cooperation and common development in more fields and higher levels, do not depend on others, and do not plunder others, work together with people of all countries to build a community of human destiny and build a better world.


(9) To study Marx, we must study and practice Marxist thoughts on the construction of Marxist political parties.


Marx believes that "the Communists always represent the interests of the entire movement at all stages of development experienced by the struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie." "They do not have any interests that are different from the interests of the entire proletariat," but The vast majority of people seek benefits, and strive to build a communist society. The Communist Party wants to "build a milestone for the people to measure the level of party movement before the world." Always working with the people and fighting for the interests of the people is the fundamental difference between Marxist parties and other political parties. We must unite the great struggle, the great project, the great cause, the great dream, enhance the political consciousness, the overall situation consciousness, the core consciousness, and the sense of conformity. We will continue to strictly manage the party and persist in putting the party’s political construction in the first place, and persist in and strengthen it. The party's overall leadership, resolutely safeguard the party's central authority and centralize and unify leadership, do the perseverance of the truth, correct mistakes, always maintain the political qualities of the Communists, and build the party into the forefront of the times, the people's heartfelt support, the courage to revolutionize themselves, and the economics. A variety of wind and wave test, the vigorous Marxist ruling party!